5 Uses Of Rubber Conveyor Belt In The Mining Industry

What are conveyor belts used for?
What are mining conveyor belts and how to choose the best one for your operations?
Is there any specific rubber conveyor belt for the mining operations?
From ore and rock extraction to processing and finally transporting them, the mining industry includes an array of demanding operations. Multiple components keep the conveyor systems running- bearings, winches, fluid couplings, gearboxes, motors, and scrapers work together to move materials from one point to another.

While everything is working in unison, efficient conveying is what matters the most.
Smart buyers must know well about specific conveyor belt types before buying. With advancements in technology, a rubber conveyor belt is getting upgraded every day. But, if you are looking for compact information on a belt and conveyor, here you go:

What Is A Mining Conveyor Belt?

Image of conveyor Belt in Mining Industry

A mining rubber conveyor belt is a moving strip of rubber that is run by pulleys. The key components of a conveyor belt for mining include:

  • A Rubber Cover
  • Pulleys
  • Motors That Power The Belt And Conveyor
  • Rollers With Bearings
  • Tensioning Systems

Mining rubber conveyor belt has a similar structure to the conveyor belts used in other core industries like construction or manufacturing. However, since mining includes rigorous application and exposure to extreme temperatures, a mining conveyor belt must have a durable cover- heat and fire-resistant.

5 Uses of Rubber Conveyor Belt In The Mining Industry

Image Defining 5 Uses of Rubber Conveyor belts in Mining Industry

Ore and Waste Rock Transportation

A Fundamental application of a rubber conveyor belt in mining is the transportation of materials extracted. They move ore, coal, and other valuable minerals from the mines to processing plants or stockpiles. This minimizes the need for manual labor or numerous mining trucks, significantly reducing costs as well.
A mining belt and conveyor can operate in both horizontal and inclined positions, making them adaptable to different mining environments, like underground mines and open-pit operations.
Since the materials mined have sharp edges, here you should choose a conveyor belt that has strong anti-abrasive properties. Otherwise, you may have to frequently replace conveyor belt types made of low-grade rubber.
Explore Duratuf General Purpose Conveyor Belt- available in 3 types for varied levels of abrasion.

Sorting and Processing of Mined Materials

A rubber conveyor belt helps with the sorting and processing of mined materials. They transport crushed rock, coal, and other minerals through various processing stages. Some of the processing stages include: crushing, screening, washing, and sizing. This allows for the quick separation of valuable minerals from waste rock.
Moreover, a belt and conveyor here ensure that the final product meets the required specifications.
Modern conveyor belts can be equipped with sensors and automated systems to identify and remove unwanted materials. But, during the sorting of mined materials, the rubber cover of the conveyor belts can get affected by continuous running.
The friction generated from the pulleys slowly degrades the bottom cover, as well. A Pulley Lagging Sheet can safeguard your rubber conveyor belt here.

Stockpiling and Loading of Mined Materials

The belt and conveyor play a significant role in stockpiling and loading mined materials. They convey processed materials to designated stockpiles for temporary storage. They also move mined materials directly onto trucks, trains, or ships for transportation to processing facilities or consumers.
This seamless movement of mined materials reduces manual handling, reducing dependency on heavy machinery. Additionally, conveyor belts can be designed with specific features, such as a stacker and reclaimer, to manage stockpiles with fine precision.
However, even with the best-quality rubber conveyor belt, you may face long production downtime. Do you know you can easily manage some of the issues? 7 problems in rubber conveyor belts and their solutions!

Conveying Over Long Distances:

Did you know the longest single conveyor belt in the world goes to the 51-kilometer (31.6-mile) system located in Western Australia (Guinness Book of World Records)? This belt transports bauxite ore from the Mount Saddleback mine to the Worsley refinery near Collie.
In some mining operations, conveying materials over long distances is essential. This is where overland conveyor systems come into the picture. These massive conveyor belts stretch for kilometers, efficiently moving large quantities of materials across vast distances.
Overland conveyors offer a cost-effective and environment-friendly alternative to traditional mining trucks.
As per our research as a trusted supplier conveyor belt, the right conveyor belt types reduce reliance on road infrastructure, minimize fuel consumption and emissions, and contribute to a more sustainable mining operation.

Elevating Materials to Different Levels

A rubber conveyor belt can be used for more than horizontal transportation. They can also be inclined or even vertical, allowing them to elevate materials to different levels within a mine or processing center. This is important for moving materials between different processing stages or conveying them to stockpiles located at higher elevations.
Inclined conveyor belts are designed to handle the additional challenge of gravitational pull, ensuring safe upward material movement.

How to Choose a Mining Rubber Conveyor Belt?

Keep in mind these 3 major factors while buying a mining conveyor belt: Abrasion Level, Heat Resistance, and Fire Resistance.

Abrasion Level: Abrasion affects the rubber cover, slowly weakening it. Iron ore, copper, lignite, limestone, and blast furnace slag are highly abrasive. In quarry and mining, a rubber conveyor belt also conveys fine materials like slacked lime. The Duratuf General Purpose Rubber Conveyor Belts have tested anti-abrasive strength and are available in three types.

NameDuratuf MaxGuard
CharacterizationExtreme Abrasion, Superior Resistance to Cutting & Tearing
Tensile Strength (MPa)24
Elongation at Break (%)450
Abrasion (mm3)120
Hardness (SHA)60+/-5
Adhesion Cover to Ply (N/mm)3
Ply to Ply (N/mm)4.4
Adhesion Cover to Ply (N/mm)4

NameDuratuf Guardian
CharacterizationHigh Abrasion, Superior to Cutting & Tearing
Tensile Strength (MPa)17
Elongation at Break (%)450
Abrasion (mm3)200
Hardness (SHA)60+/-5
Adhesion Cover to Ply (N/mm)3
Ply to Ply (N/mm)4.4
Adhesion Cover to Ply (N/mm)4

NameDuratuf LiteGuard
CharacterizationResistance to Cutting and Gouging.Flexible at lower temperature.
Tensile Strength (MPa)12
Elongation at Break (%)400
Abrasion (mm3)250
Hardness (SHA)60+/-5
Adhesion Cover to Ply (N/mm)3
Ply to Ply (N/mm)4.4
Adhesion Cover to Ply (N/mm)4

Heat-Resistance: For hot mining materials or byproducts like coke, soda ash, and BF slag, the ply cover of the belt and conveyor must have heat-resistant properties. Presenting Duratuf HeatGuard- a superior choice for heat resistance:

CharacterizationHeat Resistant_ Working Temperature Range- 100°C - 150°C
Tensile Strength (MPa)15
Elongation at Break (%)400
Abrasion (mm3)150
Hardness (SHA)60+/-5
Adhesion Cover to Ply (N/mm)3
Ply to Ply ( N/mm)4.5

Fire-Resistance: A rubber conveyor belt for conveying inflammable mined materials should have extinguishable properties- a unique feature that promises safety.

CharacterizationFlame Retardant
Tensile Strength (MPa)15
Elongation at Break (%)350
Abrasion (mm3)200
Hardness (SHA)60+/-5
Adhesion Cover to Ply (N/mm)3
Ply to Ply ( N/mm)4

Buying the Right Belt and Conveyor, Offers You These Benefits:

  • Material Flow Optimization: The right rubber conveyor belt guarantees a smooth and continuous material flow, reducing bottlenecks.
  • Reduced Downtime: Properly selected belt and conveyor require less maintenance and experience fewer breakdowns, leading to reduced downtime and increased productivity.
  • Energy Efficiency: Conveyor belts designed for specific applications often have features that reduce the consumption of energy, resulting in long-term cost savings.
  • Lesser Maintenance Costs: Choosing the right rubber conveyor belt with minimal maintenance requirements can lead to significant cost savings over time.
  • Personnel Safety: The appropriate rubber conveyor belt minimizes the risk of accidents, ensuring the safe transport of materials and, in some cases, even personnel.
  • Fire Resistance: Conveyor belt types designed with fire-resistant materials enhance workplace safety, especially in industries where the risk of fire is present.
  • Wear Resistance: The right conveyor belt, selected based on the type of materials being transported, can resist wear and abrasion, leading to a longer life span and reduced replacement frequency.
  • Corrosion Resistance: In corrosive environments, ask your supplier conveyor belt for belts with resistance to harsh substances.
  • Gentler Material Handling: A rubber conveyor belt with features like adjustable speed and gentle handling capabilities prevent material degradation. As a result, it maintains the quality of the transported goods, particularly in food-processing industries.

Check out the features of Duratuf Conveyor Belts.
Trusted by 3615+ customers in 52 countries in the world, top businesses find our industrial rubber products of unparalleled quality.

The Bottom Line

A rubber conveyor belt, despite its simple structure, is a cornerstone of the mining industry. Conveyor belt types play a pivotal role in various aspects of mining operations- transportation, processing, stockpiling, and loading. Their efficiency, versatility, and adaptability make them an essential tool for ensuring the smooth and productive operation of modern mines.
Do you want to talk about conveyor belt customizations? Call us now!

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